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Months prior to Colonel Reed's suggestion for using the pine, the pine was used on the flag that the Colonists flew at the Battle of Bunker Hill in June 1775.
The historically accepted flag has a red field with the green pine tree in the upper left corner as depicted in John Trumbull's The Death of General Warren at the Battle of Bunker's Hill, June 17, 1775 painting.
In New Hampshire enforcement led to the Pine Tree Riot in 1772, where a statute had been in effect since 1722 protecting 12 inch diameter trees.
After being fined and refusing to pay for possessing trees marked with the broad arrow, a New Hampshire mill owner leading other mill owners and townsmen assaulted the Sheriff and his Deputy sent to arrest him by giving him one lash with a tree switch for every tree which the mill owners were fined, cutting the ears, manes, and tails off their horses, and forced them out of town through a jeering crowd.
This was one of the first acts of forceful protest against British policies.
The People's appeal is based upon the rectitude of their intentions (approving consciences), moral character capable of self-government, and justness of cause.Subsequently, it was used again by the Second Continental Congress in the Declaration of Independence.While a People forcibly resisting rulers was a concept expressed by other notable British philosophers such as John Milton's The Tenure of Kings and Magistrates (1649) and Algernon Sidney's Discourses Concerning Government (1698) as well as legally treated by British jurist Sir William Blackstone in Commentaries on the Laws of England (1765), Locke's "An Appeal To Heaven" phrase succinctly connotes that it is Heaven who a People appeal to when forcible resistance is resorted to.Twenty years after arrival in the new world, the Pilgrims harvested and exported these pines as far as Madagascar.Due to lack of supply of suitable lumber on the island, England reserved 24 inch (61 cm) diameter trees under the Mast Preservation Clause in the Massachusetts Charter in 1691.